Appendices

Appendix one

Media watchdog slams Wikileaks’ ‘irresponsibility

(AFP) – Aug 12, 2010

PARIS — Reporters Without Borders criticised Thursday the WikiLeaks website’s “incredible irresponsibility” in publishing the names of Afghans who had helped international troops fighting insurgents.

WikiLeaks last month released on the Internet around 70,000 classified US military documents on Afghanistan, some of which included the names of Afghan informants.

In an open letter to WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, the media watchdog said it “regrets the incredible irresponsibility you showed when posting your article ‘Afghan War Diary 2004 – 2010’ on the WikiLeaks website on 25 July”.

WikiLeaks had in the past played a useful role by making information available to the public that exposed violations of human rights committed in the name of the US “war against terror”, it said.

“But revealing the identity of hundreds of people who collaborated with the coalition in Afghanistan is highly dangerous.

“It would not be hard for the Taliban and other armed groups to use these documents to draw up a list of people for targeting in deadly revenge attacks,” it said.

Assange said in London Thursday that his whistleblower website still planned to release a final batch of 15,000 classified US military files on the Afghan war, despite American demands it hold back.

Reporters Without Borders urged WikiLeaks to “not repeat the same mistake”.

“Such imprudence endangers your own sources and, beyond that, the future of the Internet as an information medium,” it said.

Appendix two

‘Hidden US Afghan war details’ revealed by Wikileaks

More than 90,000 leaked US military records have been published on the website Wikileaks, reportedly revealing hidden details of the Afghanistan war.

Three major news publications which have been shown the documents say they include unreported killings of Afghan civilians.

The huge cache of classified papers is described as one of the biggest leaks in US military history.

The White House has condemned the leaks as “irresponsible”.

Reports by the UK daily The Guardian, the New York Times and the German weekly Der Spiegel say the leaked papers reveal Nato concerns that neighbouring Pakistan and Iran are helping Taliban insurgents in Afghanistan.

The Pakistani ambassador in Washington said the “unprocessed” reports did “not reflect the current onground realities”.

“The United States, Afghanistan and Pakistan are strategic partners and are jointly endeavouring to defeat al-Qaeda and its Taliban allies militarily and politically,” said Husain Haqqani.

The reports also suggest:

  • The Taliban has had access to portable heat-seeking missiles to shoot at aircraft.
  • A secret US unit of army and navy special forces has been engaged on missions to “capture or kill” top insurgents.
  • Many civilian casualties have gone unreported, both as a result of Taliban roadside bombs and Nato missions that went wrong.

The BBC’s diplomatic correspondent Bridget Kendall says that although the documents reveal no dramatic new insights, they show the difficulties of the war and the civilian death toll.

The reports offer an unvarnished and grim picture of the Afghan war, she adds.

In a statement, US National Security Adviser Gen James Jones said such classified information “could put the lives of Americans and our partners at risk, and threaten our national security”.

He said the documents covered the period from 2004 to 2009, before President Obama “announced a new strategy with a substantial increase in resources for Afghanistan”.

‘Civilian deaths’

Another US official said that Wikileaks – which specialises in making public untraceable material from “whistleblowers” – was not an objective news outlet and described it as an organisation that opposes US policy in Afghanistan.

Broadly speaking the leaks are unwarranted and uncalled for. But it lends the ongoing war a semblance of transparency”

But the head of the Foreign Relations Committee in the US Senate said that “however illegally these documents came to light, they raise serious questions about the reality of America’s policy toward Pakistan and Afghanistan”.

“Those policies are at a critical stage and these documents may very well underscore the stakes and make the calibrations needed to get the policy right more urgent,” said Democrat Senator John Kerry.

Wikileaks is releasing the set of documents under the title Afghan War Diary. It says is has delayed the release of about 15,000 reports from the archive as part of a “harm minimisation process demanded by our source”.

The Guardian and the New York Times say they had no contact with the original source of the leak, but spent weeks crosschecking the information.

The reports come as Nato says it is investigating reports that as many as 45 civilians died in an air strike in Helmand province on Friday.

Although an initial Nato investigation found no evidence, a BBC journalist visiting Regey village spoke to several people who said they had witnessed the incident.

They said the attack had come in daylight as dozens sheltered from fighting in nearby Joshani.

A Nato spokesman said international forces went to great lengths to avoid civilian casualties.

“The safety of the Afghan people is very important to the International Security Assistance Forces,” Lt Col Chris Hughes added.

Appendix Three

Appendix four

Quote from Channel 4:

There has been mounting concern among media organisations, including Channel 4 News, about the ethics of publishing some of these reports, even though the material is now openly available on the internet….We, in common with other news organisations, have redacted parts of the text, including names of individuals, which might make it possible to identify people.  But the raw material is viewable online.

In four days of trawling through the files, which are at times difficult to decipher due to the use of military acronyms, Channel 4 News has discovered scores of reports referring to named informers and collaborators.  Many of these reports give the exact location of the individual concerned, their tribe, the names of other family members and other biographical details which make them readily identifiable.

Even individuals that are not named can be traced through the information they’ve supplied – whether it’s from their attendance of secret meetings or from their apparently precise knowledge of covert weapons shipments or the movements and locations of top Taliban commanders

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